Gas has a strategic position in Europe
Within the global trend towards a doubling of energy demand, the European Union is facing a double challenge :
Gas represents a major solution for meeting the economic and industrial needs of the continent: The intermittent generation of renewable energy (solar, wind) has to be compensated for by flexible thermal power plants.
The natural gas derived from coal is the most compatible with the energy transition: its combustion releases half the amount of greenhouse gases generated by coal. It raises neither fine particles nor harmful compounds problems. It is an intermediary solution before reinforcing the contribution of renewable energy in the energy mix – according to the objectives set by the European Union.
Moreover, gas which is a source of dependency, represents more than 20% of the French energy consumption, all of which is imported.
At the European level, nearly 80% of the gas consumed in 2020 would be imported from third countries.
As Française de l’Energie was given the opportunity to explain it within the framework of a consultation organized by the European Commission, gas import cannot be the only solution to this dependency problem, given the geopolitical risks linked to the relationship between gas exporting countries and the European Union and to the logistical and environmental costs – when considering the carbon footprint of gas transported from exporting countries.
Domestic gas production is a future-oriented approach. We can prove it thanks to the results obtained in France during the first six years of exploration. This is a fact. The resources certified by Française de l’Energie in the Lorraine ground correspond to 5 to 6 years of France’s yearly consumption.
We now have sufficient evidence to convince the citizens, decision-makers, industrialists and communities of the positive impact of this new opportunity.
Driven by population growth and economic development, the global demand in energy is rising sharply. According to the “Energies 2050” report by Jacques Percebois and Claude Mandil, published in 2012 at the French government’s request, the world’s energy demand is set to double by 2050. Consequently, the scarcity of energy will tend to increase in the coming years if production capacity does not keep pace with population growth and economic development.